EXPERIENCE FROM OTHER ECAs

ECA4MED
EXPERIENCE FROM OTHER ECAS
This section provides the main background documents that report the experience and the main results already obtained from the creation of other ECA zones prior to the MED zone, such as the Northern European ECA.
This section provides the main background documents that report the experience and the main results already obtained from the creation of other ECA zones prior to the MED zone, such as the Northern European ECA.
International shipping is responsible for a significant share of air pollutant emissions, especially regarding SO2. In order to limit air pollution’s negative impact for human health and the environment, Northern America and the European Union established sulphur emission control areas (SECA), under cooperation with IMO. Since 1 January 2015, the maximum sulphur content of marine fuels used in SECAs is reduced from 1.0% to 0.1%. Before and during its implementation, the reduction of the SECA fuel sulphur content led to discussions about the availability of low sulphur fuels and price effects. Also its impact on the industry, like company or service shut downs, potential shifts towards road transport as well as the need for effective surveillance schemes for compliance and enforcement were subject to discussion. The objective of this study is to present an ex-post assessment showing the first experiences under the 0.1% fuel sulphur regime, focussing on air quality, socio economic benefits, impacts on business, and compliance and enforcement.
THE SECA ENFORCEMENT
For the port of Rotterdam a 2005-2015 emission trend was compiled (Amsterdam 2008-2015). The emissions reductions in SO2 and PM are shown the document. Data in italics-blue are revised or estimated. The data show an increase in CO2 emissions, indicating an increase of fuel use by the shipping sector. The number of ships visiting the port has gone down in the last couple of years, indicating that average ships’ size has increased. The assumed emission reductions as a consequence of the SECA are clearly visible in 2007-2009, 2009-2010 and 2014-2015.
CLEANER SHIPPING
Air pollution, climate, technical solutions and regulation.
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