Enforcement of emission control regulations in the Mediterranean Sea poses significant challenges. Despite efforts to establish emission control areas (ECAs) to reduce air pollution and protect the marine environment, effective enforcement remains a pressing issue. The Mediterranean region is characterized by diverse jurisdictions, making it difficult to establish a unified approach to enforcement. Varying levels of economic development among countries result in disparities in monitoring and enforcement capabilities. Additionally, the maritime industry’s rapid growth and the presence of numerous small vessels further complicate oversight. Insufficient resources, both in terms of personnel and technological infrastructure, hinder authorities from adequately monitoring and penalizing non-compliant vessels. Collaborative initiatives among Mediterranean countries and international organizations are essential to harmonize enforcement efforts, implement stringent penalties, and promote technological solutions to monitor emissions effectively. Addressing these enforcement challenges is crucial for achieving the environmental goals set for the region and safeguarding the health of the Mediterranean Sea.
How will EMSA assist to make the Med SECA a success?
By Frederic Hebert – Head of Unit Sustainability, Department of Sustainability and Technical Assistance, EMSA.
Sulphur content of marine fuels Inspection and enforcement.
The experience of Danish Maritime Authority.